China high quality NEMA34 5: 1 10: 1 16: 1planetary Reduction Gear wholesaler

Product Description

Operating temp

(-40) – 25bis/to+90(+120)

Degree of protection

IP56(Can be customized)


Life time lubrication

Mounting position


Motor flange precision

Din 42955-N

Application: Motor
Function: Speed Changing, Speed Reduction, Speed Increase
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Installation: Torque Arm Type
Type: Planetary Gear Box
Trademark: HOLRY
US$ 64.9/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

Request Sample



Customized Request

epicylic gear

How does a planetary gear arrangement handle variations in load and stress?

A planetary gear arrangement offers inherent advantages in handling variations in load and stress. Let’s explore how it achieves this:

  • Distributed Load:

One of the key advantages of a planetary gear arrangement is its ability to distribute the load among multiple gears. In this arrangement, the load is shared by the sun gear, planet gears, and ring gear, with each gear sharing a portion of the total load. As a result, the load on each individual gear is reduced compared to a single gear system, reducing stress concentration and enhancing the overall load-carrying capacity.

  • Load Sharing:

Planet gears in a planetary gear system share the load as they are meshed with both the sun gear and the ring gear. This load-sharing characteristic ensures that the load is distributed evenly across multiple gear teeth and contact points. Consequently, the stress on each gear is reduced, minimizing the risk of tooth failure and increasing the system’s durability.

  • Torque Splitting:

In a planetary gear arrangement, torque can be split among multiple paths. By controlling the distribution of torque between the sun gear and ring gear, variations in load can be managed effectively. If one gear path experiences higher stress, the torque distribution can be adjusted to shift the load to other gear paths, thereby balancing the stress and minimizing the risk of gear failure.

  • Multiple Stages:

Planetary gear arrangements can be designed with multiple stages, involving multiple sets of sun gears, planet gears, and ring gears. Each stage can handle a portion of the load, allowing for further load distribution and stress reduction. This multi-stage configuration enhances the gear arrangement’s capacity to handle variations in load and stress, making it suitable for demanding applications.

  • Robust Construction:

Planetary gear systems are known for their robust construction and high torque capacity. They are designed to withstand heavy loads and resist the effects of stress concentration. The use of high-quality materials and precise manufacturing techniques further enhances their ability to handle variations in load and stress.

In summary, a planetary gear arrangement handles variations in load and stress through distributed load sharing, torque splitting, multiple stages, and robust construction. By distributing the load among multiple gears, sharing the load between different paths, and employing multiple gear stages, a planetary gear arrangement can effectively manage variations in load and stress, ensuring reliable and durable operation in a wide range of applications.

epicylic gear

Can planetary gears be used in robotics and automation?

Planetary gears are commonly used in robotics and automation due to their numerous advantages and suitability for various applications. Let’s explore how planetary gears are utilized in robotics and automation:

  • Compact Size and High Power Density:

Planetary gears offer a high power density, meaning they can transmit significant torque in a compact size. This characteristic is particularly valuable in robotics and automation systems, where space is often limited. The compactness of planetary gears allows for efficient integration into robotic joints, gearboxes, and other motion control components.

  • Precision and Repeatability:

Planetary gears provide high precision and repeatability, making them suitable for precise positioning and motion control tasks in robotics and automation. The gear design and arrangement contribute to minimal backlash and accurate torque transmission, ensuring precise and predictable movements. This precision is essential in applications such as robotic arms, CNC machines, and pick-and-place systems.

  • Speed Reduction and Torque Amplification:

Planetary gears offer the capability of speed reduction and torque amplification, allowing robots to handle varying loads and achieve different levels of speed and force. By utilizing the gear ratios and multiple gear stages, planetary gears enable robots to perform tasks that require both high torque and precise movements, such as lifting heavy objects or performing delicate assembly operations.

  • Efficiency and Energy Savings:

Planetary gears are known for their high efficiency in power transmission. The gear design minimizes friction and ensures efficient torque transfer, resulting in reduced energy consumption. In robotics and automation, where energy efficiency is often a concern, the use of planetary gears can contribute to overall energy savings and longer battery life in battery-powered systems.

  • Reliability and Durability:

Planetary gears are designed to be robust and durable, capable of withstanding demanding operating conditions. They can handle high loads, provide long service life, and resist wear and fatigue. These characteristics are crucial in robotics and automation, where the gears are subjected to repetitive and continuous motion. The reliability and durability of planetary gears contribute to the overall performance and longevity of robotic systems.

  • Versatility and Customization:

Planetary gears offer versatility and customization options to meet specific requirements in robotics and automation. They can be combined with other mechanical components such as motors, encoders, and sensors to create tailored motion control systems. The ability to select different gear ratios, sizes, and configurations allows for the optimization of robotic designs for specific applications and performance criteria.

In summary, planetary gears are widely used in robotics and automation due to their compact size, high power density, precision, repeatability, speed reduction, torque amplification, efficiency, reliability, durability, versatility, and customization options. These qualities make planetary gears an excellent choice for various robotic applications, including industrial automation, collaborative robots, robotic prosthetics, unmanned vehicles, and many others.

epicylic gear

Can you explain the unique design and structure of planetary gears?

Planetary gears possess a unique design and structure that sets them apart from other gear systems. Let’s explore the distinctive features of the design and structure of planetary gears:

  • Components:

A planetary gear system consists of three main components: the sun gear, planet gears, and a ring gear. The sun gear is located at the center and is typically driven by an input source such as a motor or engine. The planet gears are gears that surround the sun gear and are connected to a carrier or arm. The ring gear is the outermost gear and meshes with the planet gears.

  • Internal Gear Meshing:

One of the distinguishing features of planetary gears is their internal gear meshing. Unlike other gear systems where the gears mesh externally, the teeth of the sun gear, planet gears, and ring gear are located on the inside surfaces. This arrangement allows for a compact and space-efficient design.

  • Orbiting Motion:

In planetary gears, the planet gears exhibit both rotational and orbital motion. While they rotate on their own axes, they also orbit around the sun gear. This combination of rotational and orbital movement enables the gear system to achieve different gear ratios and torque transmission.

  • Central Sun Gear:

The presence of a central sun gear is another characteristic of planetary gears. The sun gear is positioned at the center of the gear arrangement and serves as the primary driver for the overall gear operation. It receives the input power and transmits it to the planet gears.

  • Versatile Gear Ratios:

Planetary gears are capable of achieving a wide range of gear ratios. The gear ratio is determined by the relative sizes of the gears and the number of teeth on each gear. By varying the number of teeth on the sun gear, planet gears, and ring gear, different gear ratios can be obtained, providing versatility in speed reduction or amplification.

  • Load Distribution:

The arrangement of multiple planet gears in a planetary gear system helps distribute the load among the gears. This load distribution results in efficient torque transmission and enhanced durability. It also contributes to shock absorption and noise reduction during gear operation.

  • Compact Size:

Planetary gears are known for their compact size. The internal gear meshing and the integration of multiple gear sets within a single system contribute to their space-saving design. The compactness of planetary gears is advantageous in applications where size and weight restrictions are critical.

  • Wide Range of Applications:

Due to their unique design and structural characteristics, planetary gears find applications in various industries and mechanical systems. They are commonly used in automotive transmissions, robotics, aerospace systems, industrial machinery, and more. The ability to achieve different gear ratios, transmit torque efficiently, and operate in compact spaces makes planetary gears versatile in transmitting power.

In summary, the unique design and structure of planetary gears include components such as the sun gear, planet gears, and ring gear, internal gear meshing, orbiting motion of the planet gears, a central sun gear, versatile gear ratios, load distribution, compact size, and wide-ranging applications. These features contribute to the efficiency, versatility, and space-saving nature of planetary gears, making them suitable for various mechanical systems.

China high quality NEMA34 5: 1 10: 1 16: 1planetary Reduction Gear wholesaler China high quality NEMA34 5: 1 10: 1 16: 1planetary Reduction Gear wholesaler
editor by CX 2023-10-21